3. Reducing land and water conflicts
ZOA has developed expertise in pro-poor land registration and land tenure security in post conflict contexts. In particular, ZOA’s community based approach and the focus on women and youth make ZOA uniquely qualified to address land insecurity as a root cause of vulnerability and conflict. Women and youth are often the most vulnerable groups in relation to land rights. ZOA addresses water related conflicts based on good water conflict analysis. We work on inclusive and effective water management systems, water scarcity and water conflict resolution mechanisms.
4. Reducing gender based violence
The frequency of gender based violence (GBV) and related conflicts, both in and outside the family is very high in the countries where ZOA works. The repeated and prolonged experience of violence and conflicts in general has effects, causing high levels of family conflicts and GBV. One of the root causes of GBV are the social norms about gender, women and girls: they are often seen as inferior to men and boys, wives are considered to be the property of their husbands. “Failed” or “frustrated masculinity” is often seen as a cause of conflicts in general and GBV in particular. ZOA aims to address gender based violence by challenging social norms about gender and addressing women’s specific experience of security and impunity. ZOA also works to improve the response to GBV survivors especially in the area of socio-economic integration.