ZOA has been working in Yemen since August 2012. Our work in Yemen is complex. And yet, we specifically want to be here. Ourprimary focus is offering aid that combats hunger and thirst, preferably also in the long run. We focus on displaced persons and on the communities where they are received. Our approach is based on Integrated Famine Risk Reduction (IFRR) and combines food, livelihood, WASH, health and nutrition. Our working areas are in the north of Yemen: Sana’a, Amran, Hajjah, Al Hudaydah and Al Mahwit Governorates, and in the south of Yemen: Aden, Lahj and Ad Dhale Governorates.
We are here in Yemen
In 2015, fighting broke out between rebels and government troops in Yemen. Now, several years later, Yemen is the site of the worst humanitarian crisis in the world. Not only over 4 million people have fled their homes, but 16.2 million people, more than 50 per cent of the population of Yemen, are estimated to be food insecure.
The worst humanitarian crisis in the world
Emergency relief and longer term recovery
Once there were hopeful developments in Yemen. During the Arab Spring of 2011, widespread demonstrations forced the resignation of an authoritarian ruler. Unfortunately, the new, predominantly Sunni Muslim government did not succeed in uniting the country and violence erupted. Over the years, the conflict evolved in a complicated war, involving many parties. Yemen is being crushed by geopolitical violence.
Sustainable solutions in the field of WASH
Bad hygiene and a lack of clean drinking water pose a threat to vulnerable, malnourished people. That is why we make systems for collecting rainwater, construct water wells, and build sanitary facilities in schools, villages, and houses. ZOA uses solar powered pumps to run water pumping units that provide portable water to thousands of households. At household level, we repair rooftop rainwater harvesting structures. We also provide families with water tanks to supplement the water collected from communal systems. Besides, colloidal silver water filters are given to families as a user-friendly mechanism for household water treatment. We also give training about the importance of good hygiene to prevent diseases like cholera. In our interventions, we always pursue sustainability. In Yemen, instead of water trucking, ZOA prioritizes the rehabilitation and /or construction of water infrastructure like rainwater harvesting cisterns, community rainwater harvesting tanks, boreholes and pipe networks.
The impact of our work in Yemen in 2020
With a team of 57 staff members, we supported 211,692 people
Food security and livelihoods
Vulnerable families receive aid in the form of food and other essential goods, like pans and firewood so they can cook. Sometimes emergency aid takes the form of cash assistance so people can determine for themselves which of their family’s needs are most pressing. We also have cash-for-work projects, which enable the restoration of basic facilities and give poor families a chance to earn income. Besides this, we help people plant kitchen gardens.
In this complex context where the need is enormous, we work together with many other organisations. For example, in Yemen we cooperate with Medair, which offers expertise in the area of health and nutrition. Severely malnourished children need special feeding and care to be able to rebuild their strength. Together, we offer the aid that is need the most to support the people of Yemen as much as possible though these terrible crises.
Donors and partners
In Yemen, ZOA uses a dual implementation approach that includes direct implementation of project activities and partnership with local NGOs. Due to insecurity, some of ZOA’s programme areas are inaccessible to our staff. In situations like these, we use the experience, networks and credibility of local NGOs.
Our work is funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs, UN-OCHA (Yemen Humanitarian Fund), ECHO, UNICEF, OFDA, Stichting Mitswah, ZOA Netherlands. In Yemen, ZOA works with partners like Social Development for Hudaydah Girls Foundation (SDHGF), National Foundation for Development and Humanitarian Response (NFDHR), Abs Development Organisation for Women and Children (ADO), Yemen United Care (YUC), Responsiveness for Rehabilitation & Development Foundation (RRD), Millennium Development Foundation (MDF), Sustainable Development Foundation (SDF), Yemen Association for Water, Environment and Energy (YAWEE), For All Foundation (FAF).
Monia Hassan, Yemen