Water, sanitation and hygiene
Safe water and basic sanitation are of primary importance for human survival and wellbeing. People need clean water and adequate levels of sanitation and hygiene to live healthy and dignified lives. At the same time, water and sanitation facilities are often public utilities, prone to social dynamics and even conflicts at community level. Sharing the available resources between different groups and between humans and livestock is just one example of that. Additionally, the sector is highly vulnerable to external factors such as climate change, environmental degradation, and desertification.
Both these internal and external factors and the relevance of water, sanitation and hygiene create increasing tensions and pressure on available resources and on how these are used. ZOA looks for an integrated approach, that not only takes into account the needs of different stakeholders, but also the social, economic and ecological factors that play a role in the sector.