What's going on
Ethiopia is located in the landlocked region of the Horn of Africa, and borders Djibouti, Somalia, Sudan, South Sudan, Kenya and Eritrea. Ethiopia, though a land of great natural beauty and resources, is one of the poorest countries in the world. Harassed by drought and flooding, hampered by internal and cross-border conflict, and host to large numbers of refugees fleeing across its borders, Ethiopia ranked 173th out of 187 countries on UNDP 2014 Human Development Index.
Despite this poverty, Ethiopia has long been a gracious host to over 700.000 refugees who flock across its borders from countries such as Eritrea, Sudan, Somalia and South Sudan. This number is expected to rise even more as Ethopia expects an increase of refugees from Eritrea and South Sudan. Additionally, over 470.000 Ethiopians are displaced in the country, and Ethiopia struggles to provide adequate basic services to the large displaced populations in the border areas.
What we do
ZOA has worked in Ethiopia since 1994, currently helping internally displaced people, host populations, returnees, and a large population of refugees who fled a lethal combination of violence and drought in Somalia, conflict in South Sudan and human rights violations in Eritrea.
The work among these various peoples-groups is done in several areas in Ethiopia. ZOA implements programmes in Gambella with Ethiopian returnees, mainly focussing on livelihoods and community cohesion. In Tigray, ZOA supports Eritrean refugees in Shire camps with psycho-social support, energy for cooking at household level and the promotion of sustainable livelihoods. Additionally, ZOA implements programmes in Somali Regional State in refugee and IDP camps in Dollo Ado, Jigjiga and Hudet, which aim at long-term self-reliance through livelihood activities.
In line with the Signs of Hope strategic plan 2015-2018, ZOA will soon start a pilot in order to discover how to best target urban refugees in Addis Ababa. The interventions will include livelihoods and psychosocial support.